How to Teach Kids About Money at Every Age
Whether your kids are 4 or 14 these tools will help them think like an investor.
A version of this article originally appeared on Learnvest.com.
It’s never too early to start teaching children the ABC’s of money. After all, parents seem to be doling it out—big-time.
A survey by the American Institute of CPAs found that the average allowance of $780 a year provides kids with enough money to buy an Apple iPad and three Kindles—with money to spare for even more spending, seeing as only 1 percent of parents say their children save any of their allowance.
Effective money management hinges on adopting the right habits—and it’s important for parents to instill good ones at a young age. Of course, knowing not only when to begin teaching money smarts to kids but also where and how can be a challenge.
That’s why we rounded up a few of our favorite educational tools that are tailor-made for instilling in children of all ages lessons about saving, money management, and even entrepreneurship. Then we asked Darrah Brustein, author of Money-Making Sunny: Finance Whiz Kids, to weigh in on why they’re worth the investment.
Skills it teaches: saving.
This smart piggybank, which lights up in celebration every time a deposit is made, connects to a smartphone app that totals the change from afar—engaging young children in the seemingly boring topic of saving through positive reinforcement.
What the expert thinks: It’s also a great way to encourage setting and tracking financial goals, Brustein says. Let your little one pop in the coins, and watch the numbers add up!
Cost: $8 per month.
Skills it teaches: counting and other basic math.
This award-winning site can familiarize children as young as 2 with such simple math concepts as counting and the principles of “more” and “less” through games, puzzles, and other tools—ultimately setting the stage for someday teaching multiplication, algebra, and geometry.
What the expert thinks: The site “is a great example of ‘edu-tainment’ at work,” Brustein says. “It offers a wide variety of lessons, but the math skills, in particular, will be great building blocks for kids as they learn about different financial concepts.”
Elementary School Tools
Skills it teaches: entrepreneurship and business basics.
Kids 7 and older will love running their own virtual dinosaur parks and acting on such entrepreneurial decisions as “What if fewer visitors came to the park?” and “How much popcorn inventory should I buy?” They’ll also consider other fundamentals of operating a business—from customer service to keeping the animals healthy—while also learning about budgeting and the correlation between money and responsibility.
What the expert thinks: “Any time you can combine gaming and learning, you have a chance of keeping a child’s attention,” Brustein says. “This is a great tool for kids who have an entrepreneurial spirit!”
Skills it teaches: multiplication and percentages.
Sign up for this daily e-mail to receive a math problem in your inbox every night—and get your kid interested in the foundations of money math. Clever lessons featuring space suits, monkey bars, or snowy owls will capture your child’s attention, teaching skills like multiplication and percentages.
What the expert thinks: ”Bedtime Math does a great job of offering multiple ways to engage kids, whether it’s with their app, printable coloring pages, videos, party ideas, or stickers,” Brustein says.
Middle School Tools
The Great Piggybank Adventure
Skills it teaches: saving, goal setting, smart spending, and investing.
Leave it to Disney to come up with a fun, compelling way to teach kids about money. The Great Piggybank Adventure (offered via an app or the website) is a virtual board game that teaches kids to make tough financial choices, explore different investment strategies, and set (and achieve) a goal—a skill that can stick with you for a lifetime.
What the expert thinks: Brustein suggests playing along with your kids. “It’s always nice to find tools that not only teach valuable financial lessons, but that can also be enjoyed together,” she says. And she points out an added perk: “Even the music is captivating!”
Practical Money Skills
Skills it teaches: saving, budgeting, and credit.
The “rookie” level of this site, created by Visa, provides financial lessons for children ages 11 to 14 through the lens of financial football—and tests kids on their basic savings knowledge.
What the expert thinks: “This is a fun way to get the attention of middle schoolers, and the site offers an extensively laid-out lesson plan for an adult to use with kids,” Brustein says. “So it’s ideal for a parent who can take the time to digest and prepare the material.”
High School Tools
Skills it teaches: debit, credit, and tracking spending.
Do you owe your kid allowance? Are you expecting to be reimbursed for her new jeans? Use MoneyTrail to keep track of your family’s debits and credits—and familiarize your teen with debt, income, and the logistics of a bank account.
What the expert thinks: “[MoneyTrail] helps to instill financial tracking habits, as well as accountability,” Brustein says. “And I love that this keeps the conversation of money open in a family, rather than allowing it to be a touchy or taboo topic.”
Skills it teaches: money management.
For teens starting their first jobs, this site breaks down everything from decoding a paycheck to balancing a checkbook—along with offering a handful of tools and calculators to help them figure out the ins and outs of saving.
What the expert thinks: “Your teens will carry the skills they learn from the Mint into their young adulthood,” Brustein says. “By getting them into the habit of budgeting and tracking spending while under your roof, they’ll be better prepared when they’re on their own, paying rent, school expenses, utilities, groceries, and entertainment.”
—Written by Cheryl Lock
Related links from LearnVest:
- How to Talk to Kids About the Cost of College: 7 Steps
- 5 Financial Conversations You Should Have With Your Kid
- Sign Up for LearnVest’s Debt-Diminishing Financial Bootcamp