should go on the top rack between the tines, not over them, so they don’t rattle or come out with tine marks.
Plates get cleanest when they face the center rather than all in one direction.
Bowls go on the top rack. Those in the rear should face for-ward; those in front should face the back, so water can get in.
Butter knives are safest (for loader and emptier) blade-side down.
Spoons and forks should be varied (some placed business-end up, some down) to keep them from nesting.
Cookie sheets and platters go along the outer edges of the bottom rack, so they don’t block water and detergent from other pieces.
Long-handled utensils that are too tall for the silverware basket can lay horizontally across the top rack. Put serving spoons facedown so they don’t collect water.
Casseroles, serving bowls, and large pots should be placed on the bottom rack at a slight angle, rather than upside down, so they don’t block the flow of water.
Plastic containers and sippy cups belong on the top rack. Plastics marked “7” or “PC,” like some flimsy takeout containers, can’t be used for food after going through a dishwasher. They contain the chemical BPA, which may leach out when heated.
According to a recent study by Whirlpool, 80 percent of dishwasher owners predominantly select the normal cycle. Try one of these routines and see what your dishwasher can really do.
A speedy wash for lightly soiled dishes, like post-cocktail-party wineglasses.
If you’re washing only water glasses, coffee mugs, and other top-rack items, choose this setting and just the top sprayer will go on.
Longer than a regular wash, this heats the final rinse water to about 155 degrees to kill germs. Good for times when a family member is ill.
It makes the water 5 to 10 degrees hotter for better cleaning. Use it only for items that can take the heat; anything labeled DISHWASHER-SAFE should be fine. To protect delicates, some dishwashers won’t activate this if you choose a setting like china/crystal.
An extended main wash and rinse with water that’s about five degrees hotter than that of a normal cycle. It’s designed for dishes with crusty, dried-on food.
A shortened wash and rinse cycle with slightly cooler water. Some experts, however, say it’s better to hand wash these items.
A 5- to 10-minute rinse with no detergent. Use it to keep food from sticking to plates and to wash away odors when you’re not ready to do a load. Then run the machine later, when you have a full load.
Choose this setting to save energy and let the dishes air-dry. If you don’t press this button, your machine’s heater comes on to help dry the dishes.
Sets the unit to turn on at a later time, like after you are finished watching the movie you rented and have stumbled off to bed.