“If you are traveling to Central America, South America and/or the Caribbean, plan to use a lot of insect repellent such as DEET,” says Louissant. “Also wear long clothing to cover skin and prevent mosquito bites. Finally, don't sleep outdoors. Sleep in enclosed and screened areas.”
Both men and women should be aware of their sexual partner's travel history and use condoms or abstain from sex if there is any possibility of infection, says Dr. Michael Angarone, D.O., infectious diseases specialist with Northwestern Medicine.