Introducing Galangal, Ginger's Super-Spice Cousin That Helps Lower Inflammation

Similar to its sister spices ginger, cardamom, and turmeric, galangal root offers a unique and healthy kick to any dish.

If you've ever shopped for ginger root, chances are you may have almost inadvertently grabbed a similar-looking spice called galangal root.

Native to Southeast Asia, galangal root looks so similar in appearance to ginger that it's sometimes referred to as "Thai ginger"' or "Siamese ginger." While ginger is used more universally, galangal is specifically utilized in Southeast Asian cuisines, such as Thai, Indonesian, and Vietnamese cooking. While the two may look alike, galangal has a very different flavor profile from ginger, so they're not often used interchangeably.

But don't write off this spice just yet. Galangal adds unique flavor and offers a variety of health benefits when used in certain dishes.


Galangal can give a little extra zing or kick to sour soups and dishes, says Catherine Ko, RDN, a Los Angeles-based dietitian says. And while ginger and galangal (along with other spices like cardamom and turmeric) come from the rhizome family, each of them is actually quite different when it comes to their flavor: Ginger tends to be rather spicy and not at all sweet, while galangal offers a sharper, citrusy flavor. Galangal also has smoother and paler skin when compared to ginger, as well as harder flesh that needs to be sliced, as it's more difficult to grate compared to ginger.


According to Brigitte Zeitlin, RD, founder of BZ Nutrition in New York City, galangal has also been used in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine for centuries and is gaining recognition in traditional medicine as well. Read on for some of the most notable benefits of galangal root.

01 of 04

Includes Antioxidants

Galangal is particularly rich in a group of antioxidants called polyphenols that studies have linked to helping with cognition by improving memory and lowering your LDL cholesterol (that's the bad kind), which helps to combat heart disease and also helps to lower blood sugar, which combats the onset of diabetes, Zeitlin says.

02 of 04

Contains Anti-Inflammatory and Antifungal Properties

"Galangal also has been shown to have both anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties, meaning it helps to lower inflammation that leads to joint pain in the body while also protecting the body against harmful microorganisms and bacteria. This prevents illnesses and parasites," Zeitlin explains.

03 of 04

Helps Improve Male Fertility

Some research suggests that consuming galangal root may also boost male fertility. However, existing research has come from animal or test-tube studies and there currently are very few published studies directly tying galangal root to these benefits in humans. Therefore, more robust scientific research is necessary to draw any firm conclusions.

Additionally, more research is needed to determine how much galangal root humans can safely ingest when trying to reap these health benefits and avoid any potential side effects.

04 of 04

Contains Active, Cancer-Fighting Compounds

Test-tube studies have found that galangin, a type of flavonoid found in galangal root, as well as other properties present in the spice, has some promising anti-cancer effects on a number of different types of cancer, including melanoma, pancreatic cancer, hepatoma, colon cancer, and more. It may also have an antiproliferative effect on leukemia. More research conducted on humans is needed to determine whether these active compounds do in fact help prevent and stop the spread of certain cancer cells.

What Is Galangal Root: fresh galangal on a green background
Getty Images

How to Prepare Galangal

Galangal can be boiled, steamed, or eaten raw, notes Gabrielle Tafur, RD, an Orlando, Florida-based dietitian. Galangal does tend to be rather hard when raw, but when cooked properly, it can provide a unique flavor that pairs deliciously with other ingredients.

"It's usually more convenient for galangal to be pureed in order to add it to recipes and prevent clumping or biting into hard chunks throughout your meal," Tafur explains."This may be how you've seen ginger in the fresh produce aisle lately as this method prolongs its freshness and prevents molding."

"You can also store pureed galangal in the freezer, so you can easily toss it into soups [such as Tom Kha, a popular Thai coconut soup], smoothies, or stir-fries," Tafur says. "Depending on the flavor profile you're seeking, this will generally dictate how much of it to use."

Ko also recommends slicing or mincing the root in order to fully ingest it. "Utilizing this spice to flavor food is also an effective way to reduce salt intake, which can further improve blood pressure levels," she says. Since galangal is a spice similar to turmeric, Zeitlin recommends incorporating it into your cooking and food prep in similar ways as you would with turmeric, or adding both spices to the same dish. "I add it to my vegetable stir-fries, mix it into my homemade salad dressings, and add some to my matcha lattes," she says.

Was this page helpful?
Real Simple is committed to using high-quality, reputable sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts in our articles. Read our editorial guidelines to learn more about how we fact check our content for accuracy.
  1. Vauzour D. Dietary polyphenols as modulators of brain functions: Biological actions and molecular mechanisms underpinning their beneficial effects. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2012;2012:1-16. doi:10.1155/2012/914273

  2. Khandouzi N, Shidfar F, Rajab A, et al. The effects of ginger on fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin a1c, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein a-I and malondialdehyde in type 2 diabetic patients. Iran J Pharm Res. 2015;14(1):131-140.

  3. Jung YC, Kim ME, Yoon JH, et al. Anti-inflammatory effects of galangin on lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages via ERK and NF-κB pathway regulation. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2014;36(6):426-432. doi:10.3109/08923973.2014.968257

  4. Srividya AR, Dhanabal SP, Misra VK, et al. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Alpinia officinarum. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2010;72(1):145-148. doi:10.4103/0250-474X.62233

  5. Mazaheri M, Shahdadi V, Nazari Boron A. Molecullar and biochemical effect of alcohlic extract of Alpinia galanga on rat spermatogenesis process. Iran J Reprod Med. 2014;12(11):765-770.

  6. Fedder MD, Jakobsen HB, et al. An extract of pomegranate fruit and galangal rhizome increases the numbers of motile sperm: a prospective, randomised, controlled, double-blinded trial. PLoS One. 2014;9(9):e108532. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108532

  7. Ha TK, Kim ME, et al. Galangin induces human colon cancer cell death via the mitochondrial dysfunction and caspase-dependent pathway. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2013;238(9):1047-1054. doi:10.1177/1535370213497882

  8. Dong GZ, Jeong JH, Lee YI, et al. Diarylheptanoids suppress proliferation of pancreatic cancer PANC-1 cells through modulating shh-Gli-FoxM1 pathway. Arch Pharm Res. 2017;40(4):509-517. doi:10.1007/s12272-017-0905-2

  9. Omoregie SN, Omoruyi FO, et al. Antiproliferative activities of lesser galangal (Alpinia officinarum Hance Jam1), turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) against acute monocytic leukemia. J Med Food. 2013;16(7):647-655. doi:10.1089/jmf.2012.0254

Related Articles