Nutrition Definition Cheat Sheet
Here, learn the Real Simple definitions for 12 common nutritional terms.
These recipes contain controlled amounts of fat, saturated fat, sodium, and cholesterol, as recommended by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the American Heart Association as part of a general guide to heart health. The recipes should be used in a total-diet approach according to individual health needs.
These recipes have acceptable carbohydrate amounts appropriate for most members of the diabetic population. They also contain limited fat, saturated fat, sodium, and cholesterol.
These recipes are consistent with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommendation that a person’s total daily fat intake equal only 30 percent of total daily calorie intake as part of a general guide to a healthy lifestyle.
These recipes are consistent with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recommendations that a person's total daily saturated fat intake equal less than 10 percent of total daily calorie intake as part of a general guide to heart health to decrease the risk of heart disease.
These recipes are consistent with the American Heart Association and the U.S. Department of Agriculture recommendations for a total daily cholesterol intake of less than 300 milligrams a day for healthy people. When followed consistently, a diet low in cholesterol and saturated fat may reduce the risk of chronic disease.
These recipes are consistent with the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Department of Health and Human Services recommendations for a total daily sodium intake of less than 2,300 milligrams. Emerging research suggests that people with hypertension, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease and those at risk for developing hypertension should limit daily sodium intake to 1,500 milligrams a day.
These recipes are consistent with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration definitions for low-calorie foods and can be used to create a healthful daily diet based on specific individual needs. A moderately active woman 31 to 51 years old needs an average of 2,000 calories a day and a moderately active man 31 to 51 years old needs an average of 2,500 calories a day, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Department of Health and Human Services.
Each of these recipes constitutes 20 percent or more of the National Academies of Science Institute of Medicine recommended daily intake for fiber for women and provides an easy way to increase total daily fiber consumption. According to the Institute, a 19 to 50 year old woman needs 25 grams of fiber a day and a 19 to 50 year old man needs 38 grams a day.
Although there are currently no national standards for recommended carbohydrate consumption, these recipes are appropriate for people seeking low-carbohydrate food options for weight management as a part of a healthy diet, which should include adequate amounts of carbohydrates, fats, and protein, according to individual body-weight and weight-management goals.
Meatless or Vegetarian
These recipes do not contain meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, or meat production by-products, such as gelatin. Meatless recipes may include eggs and dairy products, including cheese, milk, and yogurt.
These recipes do not contain meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, or meat production by-products, such as gelatin. Vegan recipes also exclude animal fats, butter, mayonnaise, all dairy products, eggs, and honey.
These recipes do not contain gluten or wheat products. Because people may respond differently to certain foods, careful label reading should always be a part of meal preparation for those with celiac disease and/or wheat allergies.