How to Handle Raw Chicken Safely—Plus Why You Should Never Wash Chicken
Chicken is a staple in many kitchens and that's no surprise considering it's the number one species eaten by Americans. Of course it is, chicken is accessible, easy to prepare, incredibly versatile, and when cooked properly, it's juicy and satisfying. Yet many home cooks fear handling chicken in their kitchens and often feel the urge to wash raw chicken before cooking (err, we've got something to say on that). So it's time for a little reminder on how to handle raw chicken safely in the kitchen and answer one burning, controversial question.
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, chicken is actually the top food that causes food poisoning, and it's mostly related to unsafe handling and preparation practices done by consumers at home. Chicken found in retail stores goes through a meticulous inspection before hitting shelves in an effort to spot disease. These inspections are carried out by either the United States Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) or by state programs that abide by federal standards. The nitty-gritty is that chicken can carry harmful bacteria such as salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes, and Escherichia coli (E. coli). No one wants to have a run-in with any of the mentioned bacteria, but the good news is, that there is no need to worry when applying safe food handling practices and proper cooking. Stick to the tips and advice below and you're golden.
Should You Wash Chicken?
The short and simple answer is no. You should not wash chicken (or any other raw meat for that matter). Rinsing raw chicken in the sink can actually spread harmful bacteria all over and around the sink, as well as spray water droplets outside of the sink and into other areas of your kitchen. According to the USDA, water can distribute bacteria up to a whopping 3 feet around the sink. This means it can easily reach you, countertops, kitchen towels, and any other food or produce that's around, which is particularly dangerous for any food that will be served raw, like a salad.
And even if you think you can contain any possible water spray that could reach outside of the sink, bacteria can still easily contaminate the sink itself and cross-contamination is nothing to mess with, as it can lead to illness. Rest assured, the heat from cooking will kill any harmful bacteria and is in fact the only way to destroy bacteria that might be present, according to the USDA. (This is why it's important to cook chicken to the safe temperature of 165 degrees.)
However, if you're still feeling icky about the packaging juices on the meat, pat the chicken dry with a paper towel right in its packaging instead of rinsing it. That way, you avoid the risk of contaminating the sink and anything else in its vicinity. Bonus: patting dry the meat in the container saves you from having to clean a cutting board. It also helps any seasoning stick to the meat while helping the chicken brown better.
How to Handle Raw Chicken Safely
So if you can't wash raw chicken, what is the best way to prep and handle poultry? Follow these tips on how to safely cook with raw chicken and how to avoid cross-contamination.
- Food safety begins from the second you unpack your grocery bags. Always place raw chicken on the lowest shelf of the refrigerator or freezer, preferably in the disposable plastic bag you might have used at the grocery store. Storing it on the lowest shelf prevents the juices, which can carry harmful bacteria, from dripping onto other food.
- The USDA recommends immediately refrigerating raw chicken at a temperature of 40 degrees or below and using it within one to two days. If you don't plan on using your chicken soon after you purchase it, you can also pop it in the freezer at 0 degrees.
- Use different and designated cutting boards for raw chicken and vegetables. A cutting board used for raw chicken should be thoroughly sanitized after use. If you're sticking to one cutting board, prep any other food on the clean cutting board first, especially any food that will be consumed raw, before preparing raw chicken on it.
- Wash your hands thoroughly after handling raw chicken, as well as any utensils used.
- If you're not cooking chicken from package to pan, be sure to always use a separate clean plate to rest the cooked meat. Don't use the same plate that was initially holding the raw chicken. This goes for tongs and spatulas, too!
- Use a clean digital food thermometer and insert it in the thickest part of the chicken, avoiding bone, until it reaches 165 degrees. This is the most accurate way to determine if the chicken has reached a safe temperature. It is unreliable to judge doneness by the pinkness of the meat. Always wash the thermometer after use.
- If you're ever in doubt about how long it might take to cook a whole chicken or chicken parts, the USDA has a very handy chart.
Now that you're well-versed on how to properly handle raw chicken in your kitchen, check out this compilation of easy chicken dinners your whole family will love. Just remember the magic number: 165 degrees!