Heat oven to 400° F. Line a baking sheet with parchment.
Divide the dough into 4 equal portions. On a lightly floured surface, roll each portion into a 7-inch round and transfer to the baking sheet.
In a bowl, combine the ricotta, mozzarella, Parmesan, and salami. Dividing evenly, spoon the mixture over half of each round, leaving a ½-inch border.
Using your fingers, wet the border with water. Fold the uncovered side of the dough over the filling and press the edges to seal.
Brush the tops of the calzones with the oil and bake until golden, 20 to 25 minutes. Serve with the warm pasta sauce on the side.