7 Elements That Make a Home Charming and Cozy

Want a home that's comfortable? Try these tips.

Living room with gray sofa, side chairs, fiddle leaf fig plant, and art on wall

Design by Kristen Peña / Courtesy R. Brad. Knipstein

What creates an inviting space? Kristen Peña, interior designer and owner of K Interiors, has pinpointed the essential design choices that add charm and coziness. She walked us through one of of her projects in San Francisco to show how easily it can be done. Try these tips to create a home that's charming and comfortable.

Balanced Tones

Make a cool, monochromatic space more comfortable by adding warm tones. In a room decorated primarily with blues and grays, for example, Peña suggests incorporating wood accents or artwork featuring an earthy yellow shade to create a more relaxed feel. The opposing tones complement each other to achieve a well-rounded look.


Plants are a must-have in all of Peña’s designs. “They can help fill space at a lower cost than furniture,” she says. They also create a sense of calm and continuity with your exterior surroundings. Her current go-to greenery is Ficus Moclame, which she says provides an organic and architectural focal point. When it comes to picking the right container, look around the room. If the space is minimalist, choose a pot with a basket weave or texture that adds interest. It’s all about finding balance among the elements in each space.

Cozy bedroom with wooden nightstand and shaded lamp, textured bedding

Design by Kristen Peña / Courtesy R. Brad Knipstein


In a neutral room without much color, “texture adds warmth,” says Peña. Choose at least three varied materials (like linen, leather, macramé, and wood grain) to make a room cozy and inviting. Texture is particularly impactful in a bedroom, where you don’t want too many distracting colors or patterns but still want the space to feel luxe and layered.

Adjustable Art

“Leaning your artwork is less of a commitment than nailing a hole in the wall” and allows for more flexibility, says Peña. Cluster an assortment of sizes and swap out prints as the season or your mood changes. If your art is bold and varied, keep the frames sleek and similar, but if it’s cohesive in color and style, use a variety of frames.


If your space has architectural detailing like wainscoting or a chair rail, a bit of pattern on the strip of wall above it can add “substantial drama without a huge investment,” says Peña. Plus, wallpaper can be helpful when molding or built-ins create a small or oddly shaped wall with no obvious place to hang art. Use it in a dining room or half bath for a striking surprise.

Bedroom with navy blue paint on walls and standing floor mirror, textured bedding on bed

Design by Kristen Peña / Courtesy R. Brad Knipstein


A consistent palette creates flow throughout the house. You don’t have to use the same color in every room, but choose similar shades like warm gray in the living room with warm white in the kitchen. In more secluded areas, make bolder paint choices to add character, but stick with complementary shades. Above, a rich blue (Benjamin Moore Century in Delft) makes the light-filled space feel restful and cozy.


If you walk into a room and something feels “off,” look around to see if there are too many angular elements. Adding rounded pieces, such as mirrors, light fixtures, or curved-back chairs, will make the room instantly more soft and inviting.

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