5 Steps to Conquering Your Fear of Public Speaking

With the proper preparation, you can stand and deliver with the best of 'em. Speech coach Christine K. Jahnke, the author of The Well-Spoken Woman, reveals how.


Carve out time.

Photo by Martin Barraud/Getty Images

"People underestimate how much work it takes to prepare. The speakers who make it look effortless are the ones who've spent hours getting ready. Schedule ample time for writing and rewriting your speech and practicing it aloud, whether on video, a voice recording, or in front of the mirror. (You won't know if your speech works until you hear it out loud.) You're better off doing shorter sessions every day over a longer period than cramming a couple of days before. And I know this sounds like a lot, but for an important speech, I believe every minute you speak requires an hour of preparation."


Case the joint.

"You don't want to be seeing the setup for the first time when you speak. As early as possible, get a look at the space. Is there a mic, and do you know how to work it? Behind the lectern, is there a place where you can stash water? How close is the audience? Does anyone speak before you? Knowing these answers makes a big difference."


Visualize success.

"Envision yourself in front of the audience. Look around the room, noticing how everything is in place because you arrived early to set up. Think about how good your outfit looks. Take a deep breath and exhale. Practice the opening aloud. Think through your main points and a funny story that gets a chuckle. Smile to acknowledge the audience's reaction. Practice the visualization again, this time from the perspective of the audience. Watch yourself calmly and confidently approach the lectern. Take in the smile on your face and laugh at the humor in the opener. Nod in agreement at key points. Give yourself a hand. This exercise can be really powerful."


Strike a power pose.

"Amy Cuddy's now famous TED talk on power posing explained that movements that make you bigger—think of a runner winning a race with her chin lifted and arms in a big V, or Wonder Woman, with her hands on her hips—raise the testosterone level in your body and reduce the level of the stress hormone cortisol. I worked with a woman who would make sure she got on the elevator alone before speaking so she could do her power poses. If it's tricky to find a private place, there's always the bathroom. And then you can do a final mirror check of hair, teeth, buttons, and zippers."


Log some hours.

"Seek out speaking opportunities. The more you do it, the better you'll get. Be the person at the baby shower who stands up and toasts the mom-to-be. I guarantee she'll remember the gesture far more than any gifts she receives. And Toastmasters is still alive and well. This worldwide network of public-speaking clubs is full of people who want to improve their skills."