How to Really Help a Sick Friend
What to do—and what not to do—when someone you love gets a serious diagnosis.
Keep on Keeping On
“The foundation of friendship is simple,” says Mary Gravina, a vice president of counseling at the Hospice Care Network, in
Woodbury, New York. “Think of what brought you together in the first place, and continue to honor that in sickness as you
did in wellness.” Do the best you can to keep things normal, and participate in the activities that you and your friend enjoyed
when she was well, whether it’s gossiping or going to the movies.
If she’s too ill to travel to old haunts, consider re-creating those experiences bedside. Gravina remembers two friends who had boys the same age. “When both were healthy, they took their sons pumpkin picking every Halloween. But when one fell ill, the other set up a pumpkin patch on her front lawn so she could watch the boys pick from her window.” Lest you think the gestures need be grand, keep in mind these words from Ram Dass, a spiritual leader and author: “We can, of course, help through all that we do. But at the deepest level we help through who we are.” In short: Just be there. And if you listen more than you talk, a friend will often provide clues about what he needs, says Kris Carr, a best-selling author who is living with cancer and who produced the documentary Crazy Sexy Cancer.
Maintain Physical Boundaries
Use your pre-illness relationship as a guide. If you usually sit on the person’s bed to talk, go for it. If not, ask if that’s okay. Many sick people feel that their privacy is routinely violated by invasive medical tests, so their boundaries may be tighter than usual. Similarly, if a friend asks you to go to the doctor with her, ask if she would like you to accompany her into the examination room; she may prefer that you stay in the waiting area.
Be Supportive but Not Overly Emotional
“You should be warm and loving without putting on that hangdog face,” says Kosminsky. “When you communicate that kind of sorrow
to a sick person, she ends up feeling like she has to comfort you.” Instead, be succinct and direct, saying something like “I love you, and whatever road you’re going down, I’m going down
it with you.” Or simply “I’m sorry.” There will be times when your sick friend just wants to cry—and in that case it’s okay
if you cry, too.
Don’t Shy Away From the Legal Stuff
This advice is clearly for closest confidants only, but helping your friend negotiate a will, trusts, and estate planning
can be a great gift. “Although no one wants to talk about this stuff, it can be a legal tsunami if the homework isn’t done,”
says Edward Creagan, a professor of clinical oncology at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. Here’s how to bring it up,
says Creagan: “Say, ‘We’re all hoping for the best, but if we go ahead and handle this stuff now, you can get back to focusing
on healing.’ ” If a patient has the capacity, encourage him to see a lawyer on his own (or offer to bring him there). If that’s
not possible, says Creagan, a lawyer can come to a patient’s bedside, the ER, or the ICU to draw up a will or instructions
about end-of-life care.
And if you’re one of the primary caregivers for a sick friend, it’s important to talk with him about his wishes if he gets sicker and can’t make decisions, says Diane E. Meier, M.D., the director of the CAPC. If this feels callous or blunt, try saying something like “This is so hard to talk about, but if you were ever in a situation where you couldn’t make your own decisions, I would need to understand what matters most to you.” If the patient reaches a point where he will never return to his former quality of life (for instance, he is unable to interact with his grandkids), he may want care that focuses on his comfort rather than life-prolonging treatments. Both the CAPC (getpalliativecare.org) and the Hospice Foundation of America (hospicedirectory.org) can help you navigate and accommodate these decisions.
Sick people often focus on their diagnosis date or the date they took their news public—especially if they’ve lived past a dire prognosis, says Anna Rhodes, a psychotherapist in Seattle who focuses on the effects of stress, illness, and loss. Send the person a note or a message on that date to say “I’m thinking about you.”