What You Need
- citrus fruit
- cutting board
- and any or all of the following zesting tools: Microplane grater
- box grater
- vegetable peeler
Follow These Steps
Wash fruit in soap and water
Wash your citrus fruits thoroughly to remove the wax coating.
Choose the right grater
A Microplane is an ideal tool, because its fine holes zest only the peel, not the bitter white membrane beneath. If you don’t have a Microplane, the fine side of a box grater is a good alternative. You can also use a vegetable peeler.
Glide the fruit across the plane
Hold the handle of the Microplane or box grater in one hand and hold the fruit in the other. Glide the fruit down the grater from top to bottom, pressing hard enough that you take off the outermost layer of skin. Repeat, rotating the fruit in your hand as you go so that you only grate each section of peel once.
Grate lemon from end to end
Glide the blade of a vegetable peeler over the fruit with enough pressure to remove long strips of the outermost layer of skin, avoiding the white pith.
Tip: Strips of zest can be cut into thinner pieces or finely diced with a small knife.